Why do we need Sunscreen?

What is SPF?

Sun Facts

Sunsmart Tools

Why do we apply Sunscreen?

To help protect our skin from invisible ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun, namely UVA and UVB rays. UVS rays are short wavelength and do not reach the earth's surface.


UVB 5-10%

  • Affects the skin’s outer layer.
  • Are the primary cause of sunburns, skin cancer, premature skin aging, and tanning.


UVB 90-95%

  • Are weaker than UVB rays, but penetrate deep into the skin’s layers.
  • Can contribute to signs of premature aging, such as wrinkles, as well as tanning.


Understanding the UV index*

The daily UV index forecast is a prediction of the maximum UV strength for the day, which is usually reached in the early afternoon.

*Source US EPA

What is SPF?

The SPF - or “sun protection factor” - number on a sunscreen’s label is a guide to the product’s level of sunburn protection.

In general, the SPF number indicates how much longer you can stay exposed to the sun before getting sunburned when wearing sunscreen, as opposed to without sunscreen.

For example, it takes 15 times longer to burn with sunscreen SPF 15 than without sunscreen. However, despite the SPF number, sunscreen should be reapplied at least every 2 hours.




Time & Length of Exposure

UV rays are usually strongest from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., but remember, the longer you are out in the sun, the more exposed you are to UV rays!




Time of Year (Season)

The sun's UV rays are strongest during the summer months, but UV rays reach the Earth every day, year-round, even in winter!




Type of Surface

Surfaces like concrete, sand water and snow can reflect 85% of the sun's rays back at you.





UV rays are strongest as you near the Equator, and the higher the elevation, the greater your exposure.




Skin Type

If you have fair skin, as well as light-colored eyes and hair, you're likely to burn more easily when exposed to UV rays.

Tips for buying Sunscreen

  • For protection against UVB and UVA rays, look for the words "broad spectrum" on the product label.
  • Most dermatologists recommend using a product with minimum SPF 30, which can help protect you from approximately 97% of the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Other factors to consider may include medications, medical conditions, or special circumstances (i.e. recent surgery). The above list is not exhaustive so please consult with your dermatologist or general practitioner before going in the sun.

Sun & Clouds

Wearing a higher sunscreen SPF does NOT mean you can spend all day In the sun without reapplication. You can get a sunburn even on a cloudy day. Since up to 90% of the sun's rays can penetrate clouds, It's a good idea to apply sunscreen every day, no matter what the weather.


Wearing a higher sunscreen SPF does NOT mean you do not need to reapply. You should reapply sunscreen at least every two hours, regardless of the SPF, and after swimming, sweating or towel drying.


Kids spend a lot of time outdoors, often in and out of water. When selecting sunscreen for their children, parents should look for products that are broad spectrum, water resistant for 80 minutes, and always follow re-application instructions. It is recommended that kids use a secondary form of protection such as long sleeve shirts or hats.

Vitamin D

Sunscreen does not prevent your body from making vitamin D. While it's true that sunscreens do help block out UV rays, no sunscreen blocks 100% of the Vitamin D-producing rays. To be sure that you are getting enough Vitamin D, include Vitamin D and calcium- containing foods in your diet and/or take a multivitamin every day.


Certain medications and conditions can increase sun sensitivity. Some medications, including for example certain antibiotics, birth control pills, anti-depressants and heart medications, can affect your sensitivity to the sun. Be sure to discuss any questions or concerns you may have about medications with your doctor.

Protect Yourself

A sunscreen's SPF protection is compromised if too little is applied. It takes approximately 30 ml (1 ounce) of sunscreen to cover an average-sized body.

Sun Exposure

Concrete, sand, water and snow reflect up to 85% of the sun’s UV rays. Sun exposure is responsible for up to 90% of the visible signs of aging. Sunscreen Ingredients can absorb, reflect or scatter UV rays. Sunscreens work by forming a surface layer that absorbs some UV rays before they can penetrate into your skin. Any tan is a sign of skin damage! Be sure to limit your amount of direct exposure and to help protect your skin as much as possible.


Wearing a higher sunscreen SPF does NOT mean you can spend all day In the sun without reapplication. You can get a sunburn even on a cloudy day. Since upto 90% of the sun's rays can penetrate clouds, It's a good idea to apply sunscreen every day, no matter what the weather.

Apply sunscreen every day, all year round

  • Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or more.
  • Remember that UV rays can penetrate clouds, and that concrete, sand, water and snow reflect them back to you!

Choose the right sunscreen product

  • Determine the sunscreen SPF protection you need based on your skin type, location and activity.
  • Don't forget to check your local UV index and weather forecast!

Apply sunscreen generously & often

  • Apply 15 minutes before sun exposure.
  • Use at least 30 ml (1 ounce) of sunscreen lotion to help protect an average-size body.
  • Cover all exposed areas. Don't forget ears, nose, the top of feet and the back of knees!
  • Reapply sunscreen at least every two hours, and after swimming, vigorous activity, sweating or toweling.

Limit exposure to Sun, especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.

  • Seek the shade during these peak hours.

Wear a hat, sunglasses & protective clothing

  • Wear clothing that covers as much of your skin as possible.
  • Choose a wide-brimmed hat. Remember, baseball caps don't protect the ears or the vulnerable neck area!
  • Make sure sunglasses are labeled to block 99-100% of the UV rays. Wrap around offer the most protection.

Brinton Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

5925, Syamore Canyon Blvd, Apt-39

River Side - California 92507 USA.

(Regn. No. C3774272)


Brinton Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Brinton House, Survey No. 55/2,

Kharadi, Pune - 411014, India.

(Regn. No. U24232PN2013PLC148971)

Brinton Healthcare UK Ltd.

Office No. 4, 219 Kensington High Street,

Kensington, London, England, W86BD.

(Regn. No. 08815520)


Brinton Health Limited

Plot 2, BLK 13, Near Biken's Hostel,

Bomso Kumasi, Ashanti. P.O. Box 182,

Ejisu A/R, Ghana.

(Regn. No. CS510612014)

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